Worried About Getting Malware on Your iPhone? Here are Some Tips That Can Help

Malware and viruses are a common annoyances for those with laptop and desktop computers. But did you realize that you can also get them on your smartphone? It actually makes sense as smartphones are really just tiny computers. Do you worry about such a thing infecting your Apple device? The iPhone just celebrated its tenth birthday, but you can still do your part in keeping your device safe.

Here are some steps that can help:

Avoid Jailbroken Phones

Jailbroken phones offer certain advantages, such as allowing the installation of apps not available from Apple. However, this can come at a price as the jailbreak process removes much of the device’s security protection, leaving it vulnerable to viruses and malware. On top of that, jailbreaking also makes your phone more likely to be hacked.

Stick With Apple-Approved Apps

It may sound like corporate control that is forcing you to stick with Apple products—and it is, really—but only using apps the company approves helps to maintain the integrity of your device. In doing so, you will only be downloading apps that have been vetted by Apple. The company also verifies all of the developers that produce them.

On the plus side, Malware is far more prevalent on Android devices than on iPhones (however, if you suspect there is a virus on your iPhone already, this handy guide can help you to remove it).

Hacks and other vulnerabilities are not unprecedented on iPhones, however. Wikileaks’ Vault 7 release included information on methods used by the CIA to break into iPhones and other iOS devices. Fortunately, although the information is now out there, Apple insists that it has since removed these security flaws.

So, rest assured that you are far more likely to get a virus on your laptop or desktop computer than on your phone. It never hurts to be vigilant, though.

 

 

Records are Back! Yes, I Don’t Get It Either

I’m all for nostalgia. We look back on certain periods of our life with fondness because everything seemed so much simpler before we were burdened with 100 responsibilities a week and the frailty of increasing old age.

I’m a child of the ’60s, so I certainly had my share of records. While I love music, I never loved the actual records. They damaged easily, they got scratched, they skipped. If you loved a particular song, you could wear them out after a few hundred plays (yes, I have listened to certain songs hundreds of times). I was quite happy when cassettes came along. Hell, I don’t even remember minding 8-Tracks all that much.

However, as you have probably seen, records are making a comeback. No, these are not new and improved records: they are still the same easily damaged and worn out vinyl Frisbees of olden times. Enthusiasts insist that the analog sound from records is richer and more involving. I’ll take their word for it because I don’t hear that much of a difference and whatever improvement there is gets tempered by all of those scratches, bumps, and hiss.

Fans also like to spend time with the record covers and the written inserts. Yes, these can be nice, but chances are I can also find them easily online.

People also like to have something tangible. A record definitely provides that and it is not something that can be taken away from you, like a digital file. However, if you don’t have a lot of space, you don’t really want a lot of tangible things making your life even more crowded.

There is also the thrill and distraction that comes from shopping for albums in record stores (yup, still around), flea markets, etc. I enjoy that, too, but as I age, I’m opting more for convenience. Records are a lot of things, but they are not convenient.

Do You Still Buy CDs?

Compact discs revolutionized the music industry when they were introduced in 1982. Scratchy, skipping records and easily erased audio cassettes, the standard for some time, now seemed terribly outdated. CDs provided cleaner, purer sound and the capacity to program playback and easily jump from one song to another.

Here we are 30+ years later and CDs now seem just as outdated themselves. Songs can now be downloaded in a matter of seconds. If you don’t want an entire album, no problem: just buy the songs you like! Streaming services like Spotify also provide playback capacity without the need for owning physical media.

So, CDs are dead then? Actually, no. People still buy them, though this does not get the media attention that the resurgence of vinyl regularly generates. Digital sales didn’t actually eclipse CDs until 2014, but the sales gap has increased dramatically since then.

That said, there is still a sizeable proportion of consumers who like to have that pressed disc and don’t want to deal with downloading. Over 100 million CDs are still sold every year in the United States and, while that is down from such highs as 730 million in 2000, it is still more than enough to justify the existence of the format.

Do you still collect CDs? I haven’t bought one in ages, but I do still regularly acquire new DVDs and Blu-rays. I like the convenience and permanence of physical media. Many people do not realize that when they download a song from a company like iTunes, they don’t actually own it permanently. The company can take that material back without letting you know in advance. When I buy something, it’s nice to know it is mine until I no longer want it. Then I can re-sell the material; you can’t do that with digital downloads.

Something to think about. There is no question that we are moving away from digital media, but it’s not dead yet.

 

Do You Still Have a Landline?

A few years ago, it would have been inconceivable to not have a home phone, but an increasing number of people are cutting their landlines. So many people have cellphones and use them for so many things nowadays that it often doesn’t make sense to have two phones (and two phone bills).

A poll taken earlier this year found that 52% of Americans had indeed given up on landlines and had their cellphone double as a home phone. That’s a 100% increase over the same number when a survey was conducted in 2010.

While it’s not surprising to hear that young people have no use for landlines, older folks are also getting into the habit. The GfK MRI Survey of the American Consumer reported that now 23% of seniors only use a cell, up considerably from just a few years ago.

Cutting the cord can save quite a bit of money over the course of a year and you will also be subjected to fewer sales calls. However, there can also be a few potential downsides to only having a cellphone:

  • There are potential safety concerns if you don’t have a landline. If the cellphone dies or you cannot find it readily in an emergency, then it will take longer to call authorities, which can jeopardize your safety. If there’s a power outage, you can’t charge your cellphone, but a landline will still work.
  • Some rural areas have poor cellphone reception. If you fall into that category, you’re better off keeping a landline.
  • If you are elderly and have a medical emergency alert phone system, they will only work through a landline.

Where do you stand on this issue? Do you only have a cellphone? Only have a landline? Or both? Are you happy with the choice you made? Click the comment button and let us know!

Google Announces Plan to Fight Terrorism

Terrorism is a major concern for countries around the globe and authorities have presented a number of strategies to fight it. Google has now joined in and announced that they will be doing their part to prevent the proliferation of online terrorist videos.

Often the first point of contact, these videos are used to both spread propaganda and recruit new members to various terrorist groups. Unfortunately, they have been increasingly successful at both and have also helped to radicalize individuals unable to travel to countries where these groups flourish and openly train members. ISIS, in particular, has demonstrated a knowledge of how effective this form of recruitment can be, and have made it an increasingly large part of their propaganda plan.

One of the main aspects in Google’s plan is to use redirects. When someone clicks on an ad promoting terrorist groups or linking to a pro-terrorism video, the link will instead take them to an anti-terrorism video. The same thing will happen when people use search terms regularly associated with groups like ISIS.

The company also announced that it would be putting warnings on videos that included inflammatory content, but were not so over the line that they qualified for removal. While they can remain on the site, said videos cannot be recommended, commented upon, or monetized.

Google will also increase the number of employees involved in content examination. While programs can flag videos, human input is required to know whether what is depicted actually violates the terms of service and is not, say, a news broadcast about terrorism that contains excerpts of terrorist propaganda.

It will be difficult to measure in the coming months how effective this strategy will be. However, experts welcome Google’s announcement, stating that it is a step in the right direction and that other companies should consider following suit.

Facial Recognition Software Continues to Advance

You have probably seen one of the recent big-budget spy movies like the BOURNE series where people are watching a video feed in an airport and lock on to the face of a passerby. The computer then zooms in and starts to scan their face. Within seconds, it provides everything from their identity, date of birth, nationality, terrorist group affiliations…everything short of their shoe size and favourite colour.

However, governments are not only using this technology to catch potential terrorists and hi-tech spies. Sometimes, it is proving helpful in discouraging people from committing everyday misdemeanors.

Jaywalking is a major problem in China and the government has been frustrated in their efforts to get citizens obeying the law. The issue is especially problematic for motorists as pedestrians often illegally cross the street in packs, making it impossible for cars to continue, which contributes to traffic slowdowns on already congested streets.

Their solution was to use facial recognition software…not to “take out” perpetrators, but to shame them. Business Standard reports that the system takes the pictures of several jaywalkers and turns them into videos which are shown on big screens at major intersections. Those against the practice say that it violates privacy because the practice reveals some of the individuals’ personal information. Additionally, those caught must also pay a fine, spend time working as a crossing guard, and attend a traffic safety course.

Online commenters seems split on the issue. Some are fine with people being exposed in such a manner, but others feel that the system is flawed and that some of the people being photographed are not actually breaking the law. Such views mirror the debate in this part of the world over red light cameras.

What is your opinion? Do you think authorities over here should adopt such a measure? Click the comment button and let us know!

Jaywalkers in the Philippines. By JoRitchChT (Wikipedia Takes Manila participant) – Uploaded from Wikipedia Takes Manila, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14648160

Combating Online Extremism

The internet has proven to be wonderful in many respects, particularly in the way it has made communication so quick and simple. Unfortunately, it also has its darker aspects. That ability to get a message out with little expense or expertise has allowed those with radical agendas to reach a much wider audience than their predecessors just 20 years ago.

Online recruiting has been cited as a key way in which groups get new members and radicalize those who might not be able to travel to areas of the world where such groups flourish. The spread of divisive, distorted propaganda can also be used to turn the tide against sections of the population that these groups wish to target.

Social media providers like Facebook and Twitter have policies in place to deal with such material when it arises on their sites. However, when people alert a provider about an offensive post, it can take time for someone to check and pull it down.

Video sites such as YouTube and Google are also having their own issues. Free speech rules vary country-by-country and what might be free speech in some regions could be seen as inflammatory rhetoric in others. Thus, videos have to be analyzed carefully in order to determine whether they cross the line and do indeed violate site regulations. Because of the vagaries involved in reviewing content, there isn’t really any way currently for such monitoring to be automated.

That said, these providers continue to do their best. Google announced plans to step up its efforts by doubling the number of independent experts that it uses to identify and flag such troubling material. This would allow said content to be removed faster, thus reducing its potential audience. In the area of videos, Google also plans to step up its efforts to either take down or content flag material that is in violation of its user policies.

3D Heading for the Scrap Heap?

3D first appeared on movie screens in the 1950s via Arch Oboler’s surprise hit BWANA DEVIL (1952), which promised and delivered a lion in your lap. However, thanks to the difficulty of having two projectors running in perfect sync at all times, there were numerous technical problems that led to eyestrain, headaches, and audience dissatisfaction. Within two years, 3D was dead.

It resurfaced periodically throughout the next three decades, thanks to isolated films appearing and doing well, particularly the softcore comedy THE STEWARDESSES (1969) and and the gruesome import ANDY WARHOL’S FRANKENSTEIN (1974). The 1981 spaghetti western COMIN’ AT YA! did well enough to spark another 3D boom but, once again, flawed presentations and mediocre movies caused the format to fizzle again within a couple of years.

The technology took a big jump in quality, thanks to James Cameron’s hugely successful AVATAR (2009). Digital 3D delivered much better quality, less eyestrain, and, theoretically, less presentation problems for exhibitors. However, audience interest has dropped off considerably in recent years. The technology may be partially to blame once again, but the main problem is that very little of interest is being down with 3D. Outside of animated features aimed at kids, very little comes out of the screen. Sure, there is depth, but how interesting is that on its own?

Most audiences now view 3D as little more than an excuse to hike up the ticket price and many now avoid the format. However, studios are still putting out 3D product and exhibitors often limit the number of 2D showings, making some pick 3D more out of convenience than interest.

3D TV was greeted with much interest a few years back, but while the technology was considerably improved over the old anaglyphic system, interest waned once again and the format died. As of 2017, no manufacturers are still producing 3D televisions. The new 4K format could easily accommodate 3D as well, but no one is including it.

The revenue percentage from 3D screenings has also dipped, but that is not yet the case in Europe or Asia, so it is premature to call the format dead. However, virtual reality seems the more likely successor.

 

The New York Times vs Trolls

One of the great things about the internet is the way in which communicating with other people becomes so much easier. Also, this interaction can lead to productive debates that help to increase the knowledge and understanding of those participating.

Unfortunately, there are also those people who use the anonymity of the net to cause trouble. The most common of these “trolls” are the ones who place pointlessly negative and abusive comments on websites. While it has faltered a bit in popularity, the Times remains a prominent news site that attracts many visitors. While there are are still many worthwhile comments on their stories, there is also an inordinate amount of junk.

The unenviable task of going through this dross has been the responsibility of a team of employees. Would you want to look at 12,000 comments a day? Probably not, and I suspect that most of these people would rather be in another department.

Regardless, the Times has prided itself on making sure that its comments sections emphasize quality over quantity. That approach continues with their addition of Moderator, a new technology that will aid in the fight against trolls.

Moderator uses machine learning technology to prioritize those comments that are more worthwhile over those that are merely spam or pointless and combative. Moderator is also sophisticated enough that it can automatically approve some comments without the need for human input.

In short, Moderator scans the comment and awards it a summary score based on the likelihood that one of the Times human moderators would reject it. The employees then use that score to prioritize those comments. The paper hopes that the reduction of negativity will help to spur reader engagement, which will also help their traffic and advertising revenue.

The Times’ full statement on their addition of Moderator can be found here.

Watch Out, Identity Thieves: Your Mouse Movement Can Give You Away

Identity theft is one of the scourges of the internet era. It creates a huge hassle for victims that can takes ages (and cost a lot of money) to clean up.

However, it looks like a new form of software may prove helpful in catching people when they are using their mouse for less than legal activities. Scientists at the University of Padova used 40 people in a survey that asked them to participate in a quiz where they would reveal some personal details.  20 were told to answer truthfully, while the rest were given a profile of made-up details to memorize.

While they answered 12 questions, a software program kept track of the ways in which the participants moved their mouse. The program’s analysis revealed that the mouse movements used by the honest people differed from ones encouraged to lie. Everyone was also asked some yes/no questions to answer and the liar group was told to tell the truth on these.

All of this data allowed the scientists to come to an interesting conclusion: the mouse movements of the lying group were less direct than the truthful participants.

This is a new and interesting way of catching fraudsters. While it is still best to come up with ways that prevent identity theft in the first place, if it is still going to happen, then the faster the criminal is apprehended, the better.

Identity theft remains of significant concern to Canadian authorities. While victims of this sort of crime become aware faster, it is taking longer to clear their name and get their credit status back to normal.

Do you think you might be a victim of identity theft? Here is a handy checklist of the steps you should take, courtesy of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. That page also contains information that will help ensure this never happens to you.